Alveolars are consonants for which the flow of air is stopped or impeded by creating a block or a small aperture between the tongue and the alveolar ridge. Alveolars may be voiced (vocal cords vibrating during the articulation of the consonant) or voiceless (vocal cords not vibrating during the articulation of the consonant). Here is a list of the alveolars in Present-Day English.

1. /t/ (the phoneme spelled t in tot): voiceless alveolar stop.
2. /d/ (the phoneme spelled d in dot): voiced alveolar stop.
3. /s/ (the phoneme spelled s in sue): voiceless alveolar fricative.
4. /z/ (the phoneme spelled z in zoo): voiced alveolar fricative.
5. /n/ (the phoneme spelled n in nail): (voiced) alveolar nasal.
6. /l/ (the phoneme spelled l in let): (voiced) alveolar lateral.
7. /r/ (the phoneme spelled r in root): (voiced) alveolar retroflex.


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